CASTLES IN SCOTLAND
(and some noteworthy estates)
Castles became popular in Scotland with the introduction of feudalism in the twelfth century.
After the Wars of Independence, new castles began to be built, often on a grander scale. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the military significance of castles declined, but they increasingly became tourist attractions. In the twentieth century many castles were taken over by the National Trust for Scotland or Historic Scotland and are open to the public. There have been well over two thousand castles in Scotland, although many are known only through historical records.